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Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver!

Hepatitis

Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver and develops due to alcohol consumption or viral infection. But it can also result from toxins, drugs, and certain other conditions. There are five main types of diseases A, B, C, D, and E. B and C are the most common. All kinds of this disease are serious one. Some types of hepatitis clear up on their own. Liver damage or cancer can be cause by others.

The hepatitis viruses are very different. Hepatitis A for a short time often makes people feel sick. But it is rare to have a long-lasting illness or any severe complications. If a person’s initial viral infection becomes a chronic infection, Hepatitis B can be very serious. But the percentage is significantly less, only 2-6% adults. During the initial infection, some people don’t have symptoms.

At 1st no symptoms are caused by Hepatitis C, but around 60-80% of people with this disease develop chronic infection. It can later lead to liver cancer, liver cirrhosis, and death if left untreated. It is essential to be vaccinated for A and B and screened for C at least once.

According to WHO, 325 million people have hepatitis B, C, or both. According to CDC, in the US in 2019, there were 115900 acute hepatitis A, B, or C infections. Hepatitis B and C are the most common causes of liver cancer and cirrhosis. They also cause death related to the disease. According to experts, since 2013, in the US, hepatitis C has been the leading cause of death from an infectious disease until Covid. Around 2.4 million people in the US are living with hepatitis C.

The virus of hepatitis C can spread if someone comes in contact with the blood from someone who has contracted the virus through shared drug injection equipment, non-sterile tattoo equipment, birth, sex. If a person has sexual activity with a person affected by the disease, then chances of the person getting the disease also increase because during sex, exposure to blood increases. For those people who have HIV, the risk of transmission is higher. People with multiple short term sexual relationship with partners who have hepatitis C the risk are high.

No symptoms are seen in about half a people living with this disease. When the virus has damaged the liver severely sometimes decades later then jaundice and symptoms appear. Hepatitis C is not generic. It is a virus that is not inherited from parents. During childbirth, in rare cases, it can get transferred from mother to child. Researchers find that hepatitis C is alive full six weeks after drying on a surface and has had enough infectivity to infect someone. Previously it was thought that it could live only for four days outside the body.

Once some are treated for this disease, they can be infected again because antibodies from the original infection don’t protect as a vaccine might. Having the disease once doesn’t provide immunity against getting the virus again. People can get it again after naturally clearing the virus or after being treated with medications. It is a global concern now. Understanding how it spreads and how to reduce the transmission is the 1st step in reducing the impact.

 

About the author

Tina Hayden

Tina is a freelance writer based in Maine. She earned her bachelor’s in journalism at Temple University. She has written several high-level documentations for local magazine. She loves to travel and vlog her vacations when she is not writing. [email protected]

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